Banyuwangi literally means Aromatic Water, which is associated with the local legend. Being the east-most city on Java, this is where the dawn first rises in the morning throwing its welcoming rays over Java, this lush green but also most densely populated island. Banyuwangi Regency extends over an area of 5,800 square km, comprising southern beaches brushed by the Indian Ocean, to impressive Mt Raung that stands at 3,282 meters and Mt Merapi at 2,800 meters above sea level.
The town of Banyuwangi is the gateway to your explorations to watch wild animals roam freely in the reserve of Alas Purwo, the oldest game reserve on Java, go trekking through the savannah of Baluran, or find secluded and untouched beaches at Pulau Merah or G-Land, and travel to Sukamade Beach where turtles come to hatch their eggs. Mountain climbers can hike up from Banyuwangi to the stunning Ijen Crater and be amazed by blue flames that spring out among the yellow sulphurous rocks, cut and gathered manually by traditional miners.
One Banyuwangi native group is the Osing community which has a Hindu culture although they can be considered as a Javanese sub-ethnic group. They live mainly in the central part of Banyuwangi and they sometimes consider themselves as Majapahit descendants. Other groups are Javanese (living mostly in the south and west), Madurese (mainly in the north and coastal area) and Balinese (scattered but more concentrated in the east). Other smaller groups include Chinese, Buginese, and Arabs.
Once known as Blambangan (or its variation: Balambangan and Balumbungan), it was a vassal of the Majapahit Kingdom and a regional trade centre. After the Majapahit Kingdom ceased to exist, it became an independent kingdom and, as such, the last Hindu kingdom of Java. In order to defend itself from the troops of the Sultanate of Demak, which tried to occupy it, Blambangan asked for help from Balinese kings, which caused it to lose its independence to Balinese kingdoms. During this time Blambangan was deeply influenced by Balinese culture. After around 150 years of Balinese occupation, the Sultanate of Mataram gained control of the territory and renamed it Banyuwangi. Later, it was part of the Mataram territory controlled by the VOC (1770). During the expansion of plantations in the 19th century, many parts of Banyuwangi were planted with coffee and sugar cane, which feature its landscape even now. The Chinese and Arabs came mostly during this period. Banyuwangi people are known for their combination of Islamic and pre-Islamic tradition.
Many European tourists visiting Bali come to Banyuwangi to surf in Plengkung and dive in Tabuhan Island. Ferries from Bali arrive at the port of Ketapang, some 8 km to the north of Banyuwangi city. Plengkung Beach is also known as G-Land or green land have 3 types of waves up to 6 to 8 meters tall.
Diamond Triangle consists of:
- Ijen Crater Nature Tourist Park, we can see tosca lake crater and traditional sulphur mining which the sulphur bunch mobilization still use human to hike and down to the crater.
- Alas Purwo National Park, besides see the animals you can surf at G-Land/Plengkung with Money Trees, Speddy’s, Kongs, Twenty-twenty, and Tiger Track waves.
- Meru Betiri National Park, Sukamade Turtle Breeding Station regularly releases baby marine turtles to open ocean. 4 of 6 kind of turtles can be found in Indonesia regularly visit Sukamade to lay their eggs. Penyu Hijau/Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas) visit the Sukamade Beach almost everynight, Penyu Lekang/Olive Ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) visit in March to June, Penyu Belimbing/Leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) put the egg every 4 years in June to September and the scare Penyu Sisik/Hawksbill sea turtle (Eremochelys olivacea) very seldom to visit the beach.
Other Tourism Object
Banyuwangi also known as the best torism city in Java also Indonesia commonly. There are so many tourism object that you can visit it. From the nature landscape, you will see vary panoramas like rice fields view, shores, tropical rain forests, city, traditional or modern villages, savanna, plantations, rivers, waterfalls, lakes, etc. You may be interested to find several waterfalls in one locality. Opened formally in 2014, there are a number of waterfalls in Kampung Anyar (New Village), near Kalibendo Plantation, around 15 kilometers from Banyuwangi on the way to Mount Ijen. There are 3 waterfalls near to each other known as the “Triple Waterfall” to be found 10 minutes walk down the stairs from a parking area. Or about 300 meters along the river, walking uphill, Kethagen Waterfall can be found. The cliff besides the river can reflect sunlight, glittering like diamonds.
Or if you prefer loves beach, you can go to Green Bay with its beautiful rocky scenery, and greenish water on the beach that reflects the shadow from the sky and rainforest nearby. The other beautiful beach are Wedi Ireng (Black Sand) Beach with the virgin and untouchable shore 57 km from city center, Red Island Beach with amazing sunsets, Tabuhan Island with underwater parks inside, and many others.
After you feels satisfied, maybe you want to enjoy traditionally attraction from its people, there are so many festival in Banyuwangi. Duting the year, more than 50 festivals held in Banyuwangi. The most iconic Original Culture named Osing Culture in Kemiren village in Glagah District, you might to go there to knowing wells everything about Osing People and Banyuwangi at all.