Bromo Volcano

Bromo volcano (from Sanskerta language: Brahma, one of trinity of highest God in Hindu religion) or in Tengger language spelled "Brama", is an active volcano in East Java, Indonesia. This volcano has the altitude 2.329 masl dan located among four regencies, there are, Probolinggo Regency, Pasuruan Regency, Lumajang Regency, and Malang Regency. Bromo known well as a main tourism object in East Java. As an tourism object, bromo become charming because its status as an active volcano. Bromo has include in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park.

Bromo’s shape linked between valleys and canyons with a caldera and 10 km² sea of sands. Bromo has a crater with the diameter ± 800 meter (north-south) and ± 600 meter (east-west). Therefore, the death point or danger point is a circle with 4 km radius from the center of the crater.

Bromo as a sacred mount

For the people that lives around it, Tengger Ethnic, Bromo/Brahma Volcano believed as a sacred site. Every once a year Tengger people held Yadnya Kasada or Kasodo ceremony. This ceremony held in a Hindu Temple near Bromo’s peak, start from midnight until dawn, then continued to the summit of Bromo every full moon about 14th or 15th of Kasodo month (10th month) on Javanese calendar.

The trip from western gate through Pasuruan Regency, at least coming from Tosari Village to the center point of the tourism object (sea of sands). This trip is difficult, that’s why should be using 4×4 vehicles because the road is ver narrow. But if you’recoming from northern gate, before going down to the sea of sands you will enter a village named Cemorolawang. And that’s easy enough because the descent not so narrow then motorbike could be entering. Most of the tourist come from this route.

But if you prefer like the adventure you can try to passing through from Malang Regency that very often to passed. From Malang to Pronojiwo village then you’ll found a T-junction that south direction headed to Ranu Pani (Semeru Volcano), north direction headed to sea of sands of Bromo. That T-junction named Jemplang. The journey starts with descending a hill then greeted by a savannah which gradually changed into the sea of sands. This trip need to walking around 3 hours tracking by foot circling the northern ridge of Bromo.

This path is actually not too steep and can be traversed by motorbikes, but requires an adventurous spirit because the path is still rarely passed and there are no stops or houses. We will be truly presented with a very challenging journey. But you will be rewarded with another secret of Bromo, which is very rarely seen by tourists, namely savanna shrubs and very broad flowers behind Mount Bromo. What a contrast view on the arid and dusty North side. But keep in mind, you should not go through this route at night and or in foggy weather. Paths will not be seen in the conditions like this.

Sea of ​​Sands is a tourist mainstay of Mount Bromo, in the cool mountainous nature, we can see vast deserts and savannah. Whereas the most awaited from Mount Bromo is a sightview when the sun rises and sets because it will look very clear and very beautiful. Although the trip to Bromo was very dusty, it didn’t feel, because the beauty presented was truly extraordinary.

Eruption History

During the 20th and 21st centuries, Mount Bromo has erupted several times, with regular time intervals, which is 30 years. The biggest eruption occurred in 1974, while the last eruption occurred in 2015. 

Bromo’s eruption history: 2015, 2011, 2010, 2004, 2001, 1995, 1984, 1983, 1980, 1974, 1956, 1955, 1950, 1948, 1940, 1939, 1935, 1930, 1929, 1928, 1922, 1921, 1915, 1916, 1910, 1909, 1907, 1908, 1907, 1906, 1907, 1896, 1893, 1890, 1888, 1886, 1887, 1886, 1885, 1886, 1885, 1877, 1867, 1868, 1866, 1865, 1865, 1860, 1859, 1858, 1858, 1857, 1856, 1844, 1843, 1843, 1835, 1830, 1830, 1829, 1825, 1822, 1823, 1820, 1815, 1804, 1775

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